Fall Related Injuries
Falls are a significant public health problem. In Iowa and nationally, falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries (TBI); and, most fractures among older adults (65 or older) are caused by falls. According to Pin & Spini (2016), falling has been associated with decreases in the well-being or quality of life among older adults. A fall without physical injuries in addition to the fear of falling without a prior fall, are associated with lower self-confidence in daily activities or lower quality of life (Pin & Spini, 2016*).
*Pin, S., & Spini, D. (2016). Impact of falling on social participation and social support trajectories in a middle-aged and elderly European sample. SSM - population health, 2, 382–389.doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.05.004
Persons who fall are more likely to fall again. A person who falls is more likely to feel less confident and hopeless, experience depression, and become socially isolated. Many people who fall develop a fear of falling, which may cause them to limit activities. This leads to reduced mobility and loss of physical fitness, which increases their risk of falling. Most falls are preventable and are not an inevitable part of aging.